Four of the Kulin nation tribes inhabit the Port Phillip Bay region. The Wurundjeri tribe hunted animals and gathered plant food in the open woodlands of their traditional land, the valley of the Yarra River.
Downstream of the Merri Creek and Yarra River junction is Dights Falls, a basalt rock bar where crossing the river was possible. The Kulin nation held corroborees nearby, exchanging goods and conducting ceremonies such as marriages. Their menu included local game, fish and plant tubers.
The Merri Creek and Yarra River junction is still an important area for Indigenous people; it is a traditional burial ground, and near the junction an Aboriginal school and mission operated for a short time.